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ENERGY REQUIREMENT OF BIOMASS GASIFIER MODEL WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ODANTHURAI PANCHAYAT IN COIMBATORE DISTRICT

Abstract:Energy is the driving force primarily associated with the economic and social development of a country. Energy serves as the building block of any industry or services, which in turn propel the economy of any nation. But energy at affordable price is the prime challenge which developing countries are facing today as a result of continuous increase in primary energy cost. Biomass such as wood, crop residues, agricultural residues. Forest waste, etc., are the oldest source of heat energy for domestic purposes. The energy requirement and end use of energy at rural areas are quite different from urban environment, which are basic and essential amenities like lighting, water pumping and power for small industries dominate village energy requirements. Even now Coimbatore has rural and urban that need some form of energy other that gird electricity to light up the darkness, to improve its economy and to increase the living standards of the rural people. If Odanthurai Panchayat has to achieve its goal of becoming a leading electricity power in Coimbatore. The Odanthurai will have to find modern and renewable ways of producing energy to bridge the increasing gap between demand and supply for electricity supply. In recent years modern biomass conversion technologies have been developed which can convert biomass fuels into various energy forms. These technologies can play an important role in providing sustainable solutions for decentralized energy demand in villages and industries. The economic and environmental conditions of rural areas can be improved only by means of local empowerment and decentralized energy generation. Gasifier can play an important role in the upliftment of rural people as it serves the purpose of economic and environmental improvement. This shows that the substitution of petroleum products and CO2 emission reduction, power generation, assessment of the social impacts and economic viability. So the successful model of Odanthurai can be replicated anywhere to fulfill the energy and other essential needs of rural people.

Key Words: Biomass Energy, Sustainable Development, Environmental improvement, Economic Viability.

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About the Author


P.PERIYASAMY

Research Scholar, Department of Economics, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore.


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